Explore Provence – The French Riviera: A Casual Guide to Sun, Sea and Lavender Fields

Embark on a journey through the sun-kissed landscapes of Provence and the glittering coastlines of the French Riviera. These regions capture the essence of Southern France, with Provence offering a tapestry of vineyards, olive groves, and purple-hued lavender fields, while the French Riviera, or Côte d’Azur, dazzles with its famous shoreline dotted with celebrities and vibrant blue waters. Both destinations are steeped in history and culture, boasting a heritage that has charmed artists, writers, and travelers alike.

Getting Around Provence

Exploring Provence means immersing yourself in diverse landscapes, from lavender fields to sun-kissed beaches. To truly embrace all it offers, you’ll need to consider your transportation options carefully.

Transportation Options

Provence boasts a range of public transportation choices, with buses and trains connecting major towns and cities. The Nice Côte d’Azur Airport is a great starting point for your journey, and from there, you can hop on a bus to reach neighboring areas. For shorter distances within towns, local buses are convenient. Don’t forget to check the schedules to help with your planning and avoid unexpected delays.

Car Rentals and Road Trips

Renting a car can give you the freedom to tailor your Provence itinerary exactly the way you want. It’s ideal for discovering hidden gems at your own pace. The region is well-known for its scenic routes, perfect for memorable road trips. Just make sure you’re comfortable with manual transmission, as it’s more common in Europe. Plus, ensure you’re up to speed with local driving laws to make your rental car experience smooth.

Train Travel in Provence

Train travel is another popular option for getting around Provence. Although trains might not reach every tiny village, they’re perfect for stress-free journeys to major destinations. Enjoy a comfortable train ride through the countryside without having to worry about parking or navigation. The region’s primary train operator, SNCF, provides regular services including high-speed trains like the TGV for long-distance travel.

Key Destinations

Prepare to enrich your travel catalog with treasured moments as we uncover the jewels of Provence and the French Riviera. Your itinerary will sparkle with historic cities, breathtaking natural wonders, and tales etched in stone.

Cities and Towns

  • Nice: Your adventure starts here, with a stroll down the picturesque Promenade des Anglais and an exploration of Old Nice, brimming with vibrant markets and Baroque architecture.
  • Marseille: France’s oldest city invites you to savor its multicultural vibes and maritime heritage, with the Vieux Port at its heart.
  • Aix-en-Provence: Roam the elegant boulevards of Aix, following the footsteps of Cézanne through the quintessential Provençal town.

Discover more:

  • Avignon: The Papal city awaits with its historic Palais des Papes.
  • Cannes: Glitz and glamour reside here, home to the famous film festival.
  • Antibes: Wander the old town or visit the Picasso museum in this coastal gem.

Historic Sites and Monuments

  • Roman Amphitheater in Nîmes: Gaze upon the well-preserved Roman arena, still echoing with the cheers of ancient spectacles.
  • Vaison-la-Romaine: Unearth Roman ruins and medieval charm in this split-level heritage town.
  • Saint-Rémy-de-Provence: In the footsteps of Van Gogh, this town offers a historic center and the ancient site of Glanum.

Don’t miss:

  • Eze: A medieval village perched high with stunning sea views.
  • Museum of Picasso, celebrating his vibrant legacy in Antibes.

Natural Wonders and Outdoor Adventures

  • Gorges du Verdon: Experience Europe’s answer to the Grand Canyon with its dramatic cliffs and turquoise waters, calling for an unforgettable kayak journey.
  • Calanques National Park near Cassis: Embark on a boat or hiking to uncover the limestone fjords that meet the azure sea.
  • Cap Ferrat: Hike the serene coastal paths of this billionaire’s peninsula, offering unsurpassed Mediterranean vistas.

Explore further:

  • Luberon: The heart of Provence, with its hill towns like Gordes and Roussillon, each with a story to tell.
  • Valensole Plateau: Witness the iconic lavender fields and inhale the scent of summer.
  • Monte Carlo: Visit Monaco for a taste of opulence and panoramic sea views from Castle Hill.

Cultural Highlights

When you explore Provence and the French Riviera, you’re diving into a vibrant tapestry woven with rich art, festive events, and mouth-watering cuisine. It’s a feast for the senses that captures the essence of French culture.

Art and Museums

Your journey through Provence is incomplete without admiring the works of Vincent van Gogh, whose brush captured the region’s soul. Stroll through the streets of Arles, and you’ll find yourself walking in the footsteps of this legendary artist. Don’t miss the Fondation Van Gogh where you can marvel at his works. For a broader artistic experience, visit the Picasso Museum in Antibes, a treasure trove of the prolific artist’s paintings and sculptures.

Festivals and Events

Get ready to mark your calendar because the Cannes Film Festival is not just about the glitz and glam; it’s a riveting cultural spectacle that you can experience on the glamorous Côte d’Azur. Beyond the silver screen, the region is alive with festivals throughout the year, including vibrant music events and traditional celebrations that light up the streets of towns like Aix-en-Provence. The historic Cours Mirabeau frequently becomes a backdrop for these cultural festivities.

Cuisine and Gastronomy

Indulge your taste buds with Provence‘s culinary delicacies. From bustling markets offering fresh produce to the aromatic dishes served in local bistros, you’ll savor flavors that define the region. Swing by a traditional patisserie and bite into a buttery croissant, or treat yourself to a gourmet meal that encapsulates the local gastronomy. And if you’re curious about olfactory delights, visit Grasse, known for its perfumeries like the renowned Fragonard Perfumery, where you can discover the art of perfume making and even create your signature scent.

Provencal Lifestyle

Exploring the Provencal lifestyle is a journey through bustling markets, esteemed wineries, and the epitome of relaxation and luxury. You’ll embrace the slow pace of life in the picturesque villages, indulge in the finest wines, and find tranquility in the leisurely comforts.

Markets and Shopping

When you wander through the markets of Provence, you’re immersing yourself in a traditional and vibrant shopping experience. Each market day brings a cornucopia of colors and scents, from fresh produce to handmade goods. Don’t miss out on visiting the famous outdoor market in Saint-Paul-de-Vence, where you’ll find everything from juicy olives to handcrafted soaps—products that have been the heart of local commerce for centuries.

  • Villages: Discover unique trinkets and local crafts.
  • Lavender Fields: Pick up some of the iconic Provencal lavender products.

Wine and Wineries

Your taste buds are in for a treat at the renowned wineries of Provence. Wine lovers will be lured by the unique bouquets of Gigondas and the robust flavors of Châteauneuf-du-Pape. Venture on a tour of the vineyards, partaking in tastings and learning about the rich history of winemaking in the region.

  • Vineyards: Take a guided tour through the lush, grape-laden landscapes.
  • Wine Tours: Sample a variety of local wines amidst the backdrop of rolling hills.

Luxuries and Leisure

Luxury and leisure are cornerstones of the Provencal lifestyle. Whether it’s sightseeing at the historical site of Les Baux or pampering yourself at a perfumery in Grasse, you’ll find no shortage of opulent experiences. Perhaps you’ll choose to stay in a high-end hotel, or maybe charter a yacht to sail the azure waters of the Mediterranean Sea.

  • Hotels: Stay at luxurious accommodations with stunning views.
  • Yachts: Experience the Riviera from the comfort of a private yacht.

In Provence, every day presents an opportunity to savor life’s finer things. Embrace the region’s timeless charm as you explore its markets, enjoy its wines, and indulge in unparalleled luxury.

Exploring the Coastline

Taking a journey along the coastline of the French Riviera, you’ll discover a world where turquoise waters meet chic beachside towns, and every turn along the scenic drives offers jaw-dropping views. This stretch of Southern France isn’t just about luxury—it’s a canvas for adventure and cultural delights.

Beaches and Coastal Towns

The French Riviera, or Côte d’Azur, is synonymous with unspoiled beaches and breathtaking coastal towns. Start your experience in Nice, where the Promenade des Anglais invites you for a stroll beside the Mediterranean Sea. Not far off, the soft sands and vibrant markets of Villefranche-sur-Mer await. Fancy a touch of glamour? Cannes and St. Tropez are perfect for sunbathing in style. In Antibes, bask in the sun on Plage de la Garoupe, and don’t miss the quieter coves for a serene retreat.

  • Nice: Promenade des Anglais, Castel Plage
  • Cannes: Plage du Midi, Boulevard de la Croisette
  • St. Tropez: Pampelonne Beach, La Ponche
  • Antibes: Plage de la Garoupe, Salis Beach

Maritime Activities

Your adventure at sea begins here. From yachting around the billionaire’s playground of Cap Ferrat to indulging in fresh seafood at a seaside restaurant in St. Tropez, maritime leisure is endless. Villefranche-sur-Mer offers a chance to dive into the deep blue, exploring sea life at Le Plongeoir. For those seeking a thrill, try sailing or sea kayaking along the coast, where the cliffs of the Parc National des Calanques near Cassis tempt with their rugged beauty.

  • Yachting: Cap Ferrat, Monte Carlo
  • Diving: Le Plongeoir, Villefranche-sur-Mer
  • Kayaking: Parc National des Calanques

Coastal Scenic Drives

Clip along the coast on road trips destined to impress. Depart from Nice on the Basse Corniche for an easy route to Monaco, or choose the Grande Corniche for stunning panoramic views. The drive between Cassis and Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat reveals the raw beauty of Cap Canaille. For something truly unique, weave through the hills to discover the ochre-hued village of Roussillon, nestled amidst the renowned Côtes du Rhône vineyards.

  • Basse Corniche: Nice to Monaco
  • Grande Corniche: For panoramic vistas
  • Cassis to Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat: Coastal views and Cap Canaille
  • Roussillon: Ochre village and Côtes du Rhône vineyards

Artistic and Historical Travel

When you’re setting off to explore the artistic legacy and historical tapestry of Provence and the French Riviera, be prepared to step into a world where the past and present merge through art and architecture. You’ll wander in the footsteps of great artists and uncover antiquities of Roman grandeur.

Literary and Art Tours

Your quest for artistic enlightenment naturally takes you on the trail of the Dutch impressionist, Van Gogh. Provence is where he produced some of his most renowned paintings. Begin with an immersion into the rich museums boasting Van Gogh collections. A can’t-miss is the Art Tour of the St. Paul Asylum in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, where he painted “Starry Night”. Next, trace the intense light and vibrant colors to Arles, a source of inspiration for many of his works, including the “Café Terrace at Night”.

Historical Villages and Ruins

From the artistic to the ancient, turn your attention to the Palace of the Popes in Avignon, a Gothic architectural marvel. As you wander through its opulent halls, you’ll feel the weight of ecclesiastical history around you. Not far away, experience the ancient Roman influence in Orange, where the Roman amphitheater still stands proudly. Venturing further, let the Pont du Gard beckon you—a testament to Roman engineering prowess. Don’t leave without exploring the Château des Baux in Les Baux-de-Provence, a medieval fortress casting its shadow over the landscape that once held sway over the region.

Nature and Outdoors

When you’re in Provence and the French Riviera, the mix of vibrant lavender fields and the sparkling Mediterranean Sea serve as your backdrop to an array of nature-filled adventures.

National Parks and Protected Areas

Provence and the French Riviera are home to stunning national parks and protected areas that preserve the natural beauty of this unique region. Calanques National Park is a highlight, known for its dramatic limestone cliffs and deep blue waters. Exploring this area, you’ll likely encounter a diverse array of wildlife, and you might even want to take a break to savor some local seafood, famous in the region.

Another gem is the Camargue, a natural region located south of Arles, between the Mediterranean Sea and the two arms of the Rhône River delta. It’s famous for its rich birdlife, including flamingos, and the rugged natural scenery that dominates the landscape.

Hiking and Walking Trails

For those seeking outdoor activity, the hiking and walking trails in Provence and the French Riviera offer a truly special experience. The Gorges du Verdon, often referred to as France’s Grand Canyon, provides breathtaking hikes with views of the Verdant gorges – perfect for sightseeing and capturing unforgettable moments.

If you’re looking for a coastal trek, the hike to Éze via the Nietzsche Path is a must. You’ll be treated to spectacular views of the sea and the chance to wander through Vieux Nice after you descend. Market days in towns such as Gigondas are the perfect opportunity to relax after a day of hiking. Here, you can indulge in the tastes of the Côtes du Rhône wine after wandering through vineyards that dot the region’s landscapes.

Whether it’s the gentle purple haze of the lavender fields or the serene hike leading to the precipice where the iconic Le Plongeoir restaurant sits perched above the sea, Provence and the French Riviera offer some of the most picturesque natural settings for outdoor enthusiasts to explore.

Accommodation and Hospitality

When you’re planning your trip to the picturesque Provence and the lively French Riviera, also known as the Côte d’Azur, finding the right place to stay is crucial. You have a wide range of options, from luxury hotels that offer every conceivable amenity to quaint bed and breakfasts where you’ll feel right at home.

For a touch of opulence, check out the top luxury hotels on the French Riviera. Imagine waking up to a panoramic view of the sea, with world-class service at your fingertips. That’s what you can expect when you opt for luxury accommodations in this region.

  • Budget Hotels: If you’re looking to save your euros for exploring, you’ll find plenty of budget-friendly hotels too. Airbnb and Tripadvisor are good resources to find something that won’t break the bank yet still offers comfort—like a studio near the sea with hotel service.

Planning Tips:

  • Renting a Car: Consider renting a car for convenience if you plan to explore the far reaches of Provence and the winding roads of the Riviera.
  • Train Travel: If you prefer not to drive, the region’s well-connected train system can be a scenic and relaxing way to travel.

When it comes to hospitality, the French Riviera has it in spades. You’ll find that the locals, from hotel staff to shop owners, welcome tourists with open arms and often go out of their way to make sure your stay is memorable. So, pack your bags, brush up on your French, and get ready for an adventure drenched in Mediterranean sunshine and French charm!

Practical Information

When planning your trip to this picturesque region, there are essential travel tips to consider and optimal times to visit to fully experience the beauty and culture of Provence and the French Riviera.

Travel Tips

Getting Around: If you’re considering a Provence itinerary, having a car is invaluable. With a road trip, you get the freedom to explore small villages like Isle-sur-la-Sorgue at your own pace. Remember to book your rental car in advance to avoid last-minute hassles.

Packing Essentials: Ensure you pack according to the season. Summers can be warm, so light clothing is recommended. As for the rest of the year, always carry a mix of both light and warm layers, as the weather can be quite unpredictable.

Accommodations: It’s best to book your accommodations ahead of time, especially during peak season. Pro-tip: Choosing a central location like Arles or Aix-en-Provence as your home base allows for easier exploration of the region.

Language and Currency: Brush up on some basic French phrases – locals always appreciate the effort! And don’t forget, the currency here is the Euro, so order some in advance or withdraw cash at a local ATM upon arrival.

Best Times to Visit

Peak Season: July and August are the busiest times, as tourists flock to the beaches of the French Riviera. These months offer bustling markets and lively festivals, but also come with higher prices and bigger crowds.

Off-Season Joys: Visiting during the spring (April to June) or fall (September to October) can mean fewer tourists and a more relaxed atmosphere. You’ll also have the chance to experience events like the wine harvest or the Avignon Festival without the summer’s intense heat.

Remember, if you plan to extend your vacation to include major cities like Paris, book your train tickets from Nice to Paris well in advance for the best rates and schedules.

FAQ – Provence

Got questions about trotting through Provence and the French Riviera? Below, I’ve tackled some top FAQs to ensure your trip planning is as smooth as a fine French wine.


What’s the ideal duration for a trip to Provence to really soak in the vibe?

Ideally, you’re going to want at least 10 days to fully experience Provence without feeling rushed. This gives you enough time to wander through lavender fields, explore historic sites, and savor the local cuisine.


Can you break down the main differences between Provence and the French Riviera for a rookie?

Provence is all about rolling vineyards, timeless hilltop villages, and art that spans from Roman times to Van Gogh. In contrast, the French Riviera is the embodiment of glamour, with stunning beaches, luxury yachts, and a vibe that’s both upscale and buzzing with energy.


When’s the perfect time to hit up Provence for that sweet spot of weather and vibe?

Spring (May-June) or early autumn (September-October) is your best bet for good weather and fewer crowds. The temperatures are mild then, and you’ll get that perfect blend of sunny days and cooler nights.


Which spot on the French Riviera is just drop-dead gorgeous and a must-see?

Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat is an absolute gem on the Riviera. This exclusive and serene peninsula is dotted with opulent villas, lush gardens, and some of the region’s best beaches.


How can I cram the best of the South of France into a 7-day itinerary?

For a week-long adventure, mix charm and class by starting in Nice, then visit Antibes and Cannes before diving into the heart of Provence in places like Aix and Avignon. It’ll be a highlights tour, but you’ll sample a bit of everything that makes the South of France irresistible.


Any tips for a first-timer crafting the ultimate South of France itinerary for two weeks?

Consider balancing your time between Provence’s rustic allure and the Riviera’s coastal glamour. Factor in travel time, and don’t miss the chance to experience local markets and the art scene in places like Arles and Saint-Paul-de-Vence. Ensure you have some downtime to just enjoy the Mediterranean lifestyle.

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